GATHER YOUR TOOLS AND LETS RE-DESIGN!
“I can’t remember what I read!” “Anytime I take a test, my mind goes blank!” “Why am I failing this course?” We all forget important things, students and non-students alike. This occurs when information is not transferred into the long-term memory (Østby & Østby, 2018). Have you noticed that there are certain things that you do not forget? Today, I am going to give you five best study techniques. UNDERSTANDING THE CONCEPT Tip No. 1: You cannot remember it, if you do not understand it! It is important to make connections and make relations to new information. For example, before reading the signs and symptoms of a disease, it is important to make connections and understand the reason why the disease causes the signs and symptoms. VISUALIZATION Tip No 2. Create a mental picture For example, to understand the physiology of the heart, it is important for you to create a mental picture of the heart and the pathway of oxygenated and deoxygenated blood through the lungs, heart and body. If you find it difficult to create a mental picture, utilize visual aids such as concept mapping or a drawing (picture). Talk it Out! Tip No. 3: Talk about it. Remember when you used to talk to your dolls as a child and teach them? Well, the same rule applies here. Talk about what you have learnt. It might be to yourself, a friend, a family or a colleague. For example, to remember nursing interventions for a medical diagnosis, it would be effective if you practice by telling others about what your nursing interventions would be when a patient is presented with this diagnosis. ACRONYMS Tip No. 4: Create a word. An acronym is a word that you make from the first letters of a list of words. You can even use it to form a sentence. It is fun and easy. For example, the cranial nerves. “Oh, Once One Takes The Anatomy Final Very Good Vacations Are Heavenly.” REHEARSING Tip No. 5: Say it repeatedly! If you want to remember it, you must practice it. It does not mean that you must sit and repeat the same information for 2 hours. However, here are some tips you can follow: 2.Take a break and do something else and get back to it. 3. Find times during the day to repeat the information that you have learnt. Let’s recap. The five study techniques are to understand it, visualize it, talk about it, create a word and repeat it. Thank you for joining us on: Best Study Techniques. Be sure to check out our previous blog post on “Note Taking Strategies.” Next Blog Post: Cramming Effects. Stay Tuned! Reference Østby, H., & Østby, Y. (2018). Adventures in Memory: The Science and Secrets of Remembering and Forgetting. Vancouver: Greystone Books.
You sat in class for two hours listening to the teacher deliver the lesson through a PowerPoint presentation. Perhaps, you attempted to follow along by jotting down some important keywords (or you just tried to absorb as much as possible and hope for the best). Remember, note taking is not about your handwriting. If your notes are unorganized and messy, you are not going to get much use out of them. Better notes, better grades. Several studies have shown that effective note taking increases retention of subject matter and test performance. A study conducted by Carrell (2007) showed that students had ineffective note taking strategies. Moreover, there is a significant relationship between note taking and test performance. This implies that, an effective note taking strategy, increases your test performance. Therefore, the evidence still stands. Better notes, better grades. THE IMPORTANCE OF EFFECTIVE NOTE TAKING STRATEGIES Your notes are review materials. It allows you to actively listen in class. It allows you to make connections between lessons and topics. It allows you to listen, think and write (you can remember the topics discussed better) There are different note taking strategies that you can use. THE CORNELL METHOD The Cornell method of note taking allows you to organize your notes into details/keywords, cues, main points, and conclude with a summary. THE CHARTING METHOD This method of note taking utilizes columns to organize topics and subtopics. This method is useful for lessons that cover a lot of facts or relationships between topics. THE MAPPING METHOD The mapping method is a visual method of organizing notes to provide relationships among topics and subjects. This is effective among visual learners. Sentence Method This method is effective when there is a lot of information being covered by the lecturer. It involves writing down key concepts in short sentences. THE OUTLINING METHOD This method uses headings and bullets to systematically organize topics and important aspects to remember. Useful when learning about topics that include a lot of detail. References Carrell, P. L. (2007). Notetaking strategies and their relationship to performance on listening comprehension and communicative assessment tasks. ETS Research Report Series, 2007(1), i-60. doi:10.1002/j.2333-8504.2007.tb02043.x This is part of the series, “How to Study.” Don’t forget to check out the previous blog post.
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